BRL: Braille through Remote Learning

Intro to Braille Course

Session 8 page

Session Topics
  • Part-word Contractions
    Session Exercises
  • Writing.
  • Reading
    Other BRL Courses
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  • Special Codes Course

    BRL Reference Desk
  • Summary of Rules
  • Contractions Lookup
  • Contractions List
  • Braille only contractions
  • Problem Words
  • Webster's Dictionary
  • Braille Formats (BANA rules for transcribing textbooks)
  • Reading List

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    Other Links
  • American Printing House for the Blind (APH)
  • Braille Authority of North America (BANA)
  • National Braille Association (NBA)
  • National Library Service (NLS, Library of Congress)

  • Session 8: Part-word initial-letter contractions

    You have already used these 33 contractions as a part of Session 5. In that session you explored the use of these two-cell contractions as whole words. These contractions can also be used as parts of words, given some specific guidelines. The most important guideline is that the use of the contraction is only permitted when the the word retains its original sound. There are a few exceptions to this rule (with the contractions "one", "some", and "part") but the "sound" rule is the guiding principle for the use of these contractions.

    As a reminder, the contractions are shown belown in number format

    1. cannot: 456 14
    2. character: 5 16
    3. day: 5 145
    4. ever: 5 15
    5. father: 5 124
    6. had: 456 125
    7. here: 5 125
    8. know: 5 13

    The exceptions to the sound rule are as follows:

    1. as mentioned, the contraction for "one" is used whenever the "o" and the "n" fall into the same syllable, regardless of pronunciation.
    2. the contraction "some" is used only when it retains the sound and where its letters form a complete syllable in a base word, such as "chromosome".
    3. the contraction "part" is used except where the prefix "par" is followed by any form of the word "take".

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