The ensuing formats are included solely for reference purposes by interested musicians or by those who may need to refer to music printed in other countries or in older, experimental forms. They should not be utilized for the current transcription of braille music in North America.


29.1. This method consists of the presentation of a convenient group of measures for each of the parts in turn, the order being right hand, left hand, and, in organ music, pedals.

29.2. The length of these groups or sections is determined by the transcriber, either according to the contour of the music itself, or else the number of measures in the print stave.

29.3. The tabulation of "section-by-section" is similar to that of "line-over-line", i.e., the hand and foot signs appear in vertical alignment at the left side of the page, the remaining lines of the music text being indented two spaces.

Example 29.3-1.

.>"GG"1V .DDEF]<>"]'H] .?"GG.DD<>
  "\GX]@C .EF]?<>"GH](%GHI "J')JI"
  "JE<>"\H%GHI .?JJII<>"JF@C&GFE"
  "Y<FED "HH.:?<>"ZG*FE&HGF=HG<F
  _()!(GH[ *W<W[ M_DEF=HIJYEDJ

29.4. If measures are numbered in the print text, the numbers (written in the upper part of the cell without numeral prefix) must be placed between the measures with a blank space on either side.

Example 29.4-1.

.>"GG"1V A .DDEF]<>"]'H] B


29.5. The first measure in a section does not require a number, since this number is given in the heading of the section (see below).

29.6. A free line must be left above the first line of each section. In this line the serial number of the section, the numbers of the measures contained in that section, and the numbers of the print page and stave (or staves) for that section must be centralized in this order. The measure numbers are written in the lower part of the cell and are separated from each other by dots 36; the page and stave numbers are written in the upper part of the cell (preceded by the sign "3 ) and are separated from each other by dot 3. If more than one stave is indicated, the stave numbers are separated from each other by the sign - .

Example 29.6-1.
#A #1-8 "3#A,A

(Section 1. measures 1-8, page 1, staff 1.)

29.7. If a section commences or concludes with an incomplete measure, the measure numbers in the heading must be followed by dot 3 without an intervening space, and if the first section commences with an incomplete measure, the braille cipher, written in the lower part of the cell, replaces the number.

#B #8'-16' "3#A'B-C
(Section 2, beginning in the middle of measure 8, ending in the middle of measure 16, page 1, staves 2 and 3.)

#A #0-8' "3#A'A
(Section 1, beginning with incomplete measure, ending in the middle of measure 8, page 1, stave 1.)

When sections are arranged independently of the print staves, a change of stave is shown by the sign 3l placed between measures.

Example 29.8-1.

.>.?"GG.DD<>"\GX]@C 3L .EF]?<>"GH]"

If the measures are numbered, the measure number follows this sign.

29.10. Music shared between the hands should be treated as shown in Par. 20.4-20.4.1.

29.11. As measures numbers should always be given in the section heading, the system of repeats by measure numbers explained in Par. 16.23.1-16.24.1 is recommended for this style.

29.12. A further method of abbreviation is by the use of the "segno". This differs from partial abbreviation in two ways: (a) the passage to be repeated may be of any length providing it does not exceed the length of a section; (b) the repetition may be at any distance from the original passage.

29.13. In vocal music, the measures must be numbered, and the number of the first measure in each section must be placed at the commencement of the first line of words in that section.

29.14. In vocal accompaniments, an outline of the voice part should be included to assist the player in memorizing his part; the voice part must be given after an in-accord sign in the right-hand part, the sign "> being marked in every measure. Only notes, ties and rests should be given in this outline.

Example 29.14-1.
Method: Section-by-Section

.>'X"1">'X V"?+-"[0-7<>">'M .?+-7"
  .[0-7<>">'UVX"D ;?+777<>.DGGFFE"
  .ED<>">"?"[?'"D ;?/777<>.DHHFFEED<>
_>@G- ]'-G-7 7#C<K