BRL: Braille through Remote Learning
Introduction to Braille
Special Codes Course
BRL Reference Desk
Summary of Rules
Braille only contractions
Braille Formats (BANA rules for transcribing textbooks)
Flashcard program (Java)
American Printing House for the Blind (APH)
Braille Authority of North America (BANA)
National Braille Association (NBA)
National Library Service (NLS, Library of Congress)
10. Whole-Word Lower-Sign Contractions to, into,and by
- Are subject to the rules for lower-sign contractions.
- Should be unspaced from the word, contraction, or composition sign that follows.
|(The) book (you) ref9er) (to)has be(en) lo(st).
||He (was) pass(ed) (by)(wh)ile o(the)rs (were) tak(en).
||(BY)(THE) OLD MISS(OU)RI
- When there is not space at the end of a line for one of these contractions and the word by should be written out and the in contraction should be used in the word into.
- May never be followed unspaced by any whole-word lower-sign contraction.
||(by) his (mother)
- May never be used as parts of words or to form hyphenated compound words.
- May be preceded but never followed by punctuation.
|"(To)my (knowledge), )it) did (not) (go) by."
||Did (you) (go) to, (in)to, or (by)(it)?
- May be preceded and/or followed by the capital sign and/or the italic sign.