BRL: Braille through Remote Learning
Main BRL page
English Braille, American Edition 1994
Nemeth Mathematics 1972
Summary of Rules
- General Rules
- Alternative Contractions
- Single Letter
- And, for, of, the, with
- Child, shall, this, which, out, still
- Whole-word lower: his, was, were, be, in, enough
- Rules for lower sign
- Part-word lower sign
- Whole-word lower: to, into, by
- Double-letter: bb,cc,dd,ff,gg, ea
- Initial letter
- Final letter and short form words
Typical Problem words
Copyright © 1996, 1997,1998,1999, 2000 The Shodor Education Foundation, Inc., All
2. Choice between Alternative Contractions
- Preference is given to the contraction that saves the most space.
|me(and)(er) not M(ea)nd(er)||(th)(ence) not (the)nce|
|(one)(ness) not on(en)ess||bub(ble) not bu(bb)le|
|(with)(er) not wi(the)r||n(ation) not na(tion)|
- Contractions and, for, of, the, and with are used in preference to any other contractions unless more space would be used.
|e(ar)(the)n not e(ar)(th)(en)||bro(the)r not bro(th)(er)|
|ba(the)d not ba(th)(ed)|
- One-cell contractions are usd in preference to two-cell contractions.
|adh(er)(en)t not ad(here)nt||(st)on(ed) not (st)(one)d|
|prison(er) not pris(one)r||(sh)ad(ow) not s(had)(ow)|
|ha(dd)ock not (had)dock||phon(ed) not ph(one)d|
Exceptions: the ence contraction is used before the letters d and r.
|(com)m(ence)d not (com)m(en)c(ed)||f(ence)r not f(en)c(er)|
- Any one-cell contraction is used in preference to the double-letter or ea contractions.
|sac(ch)(ar)(in)e not sa(cc)h(ar)(in)e||p(ed)dle not pe(dd)le|
|(of)f(er) not o(ff)(er)||af(for)d not a(ff)ord|
|hob(ble) not ho(bb)le||de(ar) not d(ea)r|
- Preference is given to the contraction that more nearly approximates correct pronunciation.
|(wh)(er)(ever) not (where)v(er)||(wh)(er)e'(er) not (where)'(er)|
|di(spirit)(ed) not (dis)pirit(ed)|